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The lexicon of muscle-building, and training - Part 6

If the waist girth and fat pinch increase, bodyfat percentage has increased. If the waist girth and fat pinch decrease, bodyfat percentage has decreased. Bodyweight change alone isn't an indication of bodyfat percentage change.

Bodypart

Group of muscles in a specific area of the body. Exercises target specific bodyparts. In a simplified format, here are the main bodyparts:

1.

abdominals (abs) and obliques of the front midsection

2.

biceps and brachialis — front of the arm (above the elbow)

3.

buttocks — gluteal muscles, or glutes

4.

calves — gastrocnemius and soleus

5.

chest — pectorals, or pecs (pectoralis major, not pectoralis minor)

6.

forearms

7.

latissimus dorsi, or lats — muscles on the back under the arms

8.

neck

9.

shoulders — deltoids, or delts

10.

spinal erectors — columns of muscle on either side of the spine

11.

thighs — quadriceps or quads on the front, hamstrings or hams on the rear, and thigh adductors on the inside

12.

triceps — rear of the arm (above the elbow)

13.

upper back — small muscles around the shoulder blades, and the large trapezius covering much of the upper back

Bodytype

Bodytyping or somatyping was originally an attempt to model temperament based on physical traits, as described by the theories of Dr. William H. Sheldon. It was discredited in the field of psychology, but the vestiges of somatyping linger on in areas related to exercise and fitness, and involve trying to classify people into categories of bodytype: ectomorphic (naturally thin), mesomorphic (naturally muscular), and endomorphic (naturally fat and rounded).

Breakdowns

See Descending sets.

Buffed

Looking good through muscle size and definition.

Bulking up

The adding of bulk — gaining bodyweight through adding muscle, bodyfat, or (usually) both.

Bumper plate

A weight plate with a rubber outer rim to reduce damage to the floor and plate when the plate is dropped. These are most commonly used in Olympic weightlifting, where heavy weights are often dropped from overhead.

Burn

The hot or burning feeling in the working muscles produced by some forms of strength training, and endurance work, because of the build up of fatigue toxins including lactic acid.

Burns

A training technique whereby short partial reps are performed immediately after a full set of complete reps has been completed, producing an intensive burning feeling.

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