The lexicon of muscle-building, and training - Part 38

Pinch grip

A grip that uses the fingers and thumbs only, without the palms making contact with the object.


The long, strong, metal rods that are placed horizontally through the slots or holes in the uprights of a power rack, to prevent the barbell from moving below or above that point, depending on the relative position of the barbell at the start of the exercise. Pins, properly positioned, are used for safety, to avoid being crushed under a weight, or to avoid lowering a weight too far.


An inactive substance given to a patient who's under the impression that it's a drug with therapeutic properties.


Pertaining to the bottom surface of the foot.


When plates are loaded manually onto a device used for resistance training. For example, modern barbells are plate-loaded, unlike the old-fashioned globe barbells. Some dumbbells are plate-loaded, but others are single-piece weights.


The weights that are put onto the ends of barbells and dumbbells, and plate-loaded machines. They come in various sizes, including 45-pounders, 25-pounders, 10-pounders, and 5-pounders. For metric plates, they include 20-kilo plates, 15s, 10s, and 5s. There are also small discs, for making small changes in resistance. The stacks of weights on certain machines are another form of plates.

Plyometric exercise

Usually abbreviated to plyometrics, which is a system of applying loads in an explosive manner — for example, jumping off a bench and quickly rebounding to another bench. This is a specialized type of training that carries a high risk, even for elite athletes, and is best avoided.

PNF stretching

Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching — which usually involves a partner, and is forceful and higher-risk relative to the static stretching promoted in this book.


The care of the human foot, especially the diagnosis and treatment of foot disorders. It's also called chiropody. One who practices podiatry is a podiatrist. Some specialist podiatrists have expertise in sports-biomechanical assessment and correction.

Positive rep

A positive rep is when a muscle shortens. For example, when you raise your hand through bending your elbow, your biceps contracts in a positive way. Positive reps are usually abbreviated to positives, and are also called concentrics.


Directional term referring to the rear or dorsal surface of the body, or referring to something located to the rear of an organ or structure.


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