The lexicon of muscle-building, and training - Part 43

This means lowering the weight under control, and then pushing or pulling the bar smoothly and with correct technique. There should be no explosiveness, throwing, bouncing, yanking, or jerking.


The resistance that's used in an exercise, including weight plates. In manual resistance — for example, some neck work — weight plates aren't used for resistance. Instead, it's applied by another person, or by the trainee.

Resistance training

A broader term than weight training because resistance can be provided not just by weights but by rubber bands, manual resistance, or any other method that resists the movement of the exerciser.

Rest interval

The rest period between sets — be it between sets of the same exercise, or between a set of one exercise and a set of another exercise.

Rest intervals can be almost non-existent (the few seconds it takes to move from one exercise to another, provided that the back-to-back exercises are set up beforehand), short (one minute maximum), moderate (two to five minutes), or long (more than five minutes).

The rest interval varies according to the type of training, individual preference, and practicalities of training in a busy gym.

Rest intervals are also called rest periods.

Sometimes a rest interval may refer to the brief pause between reps, although the between-sets rest period is the common definition.

Rest pause

There's commonly a short pause between reps, for just a second or a few seconds, that's often used to take a quick breath or two, to set yourself for the next rep, and to help with bar control, and technique. Sometimes there's no pause between reps because they are performed in a continuous manner.

During rest-pause training there's an exaggerated interruption between reps. An example is with 20-rep squats, where multiple deep breaths are taken during each rest pause.

Reverse grip

A grip where a bar is held with one hand pronated and the other supinated, to increase grip power relative to an exclusively pronated or supinated grip. It's a specialized grip used for a small number of exercises, where gripping strength is often a limitation, such as the deadlift, and the shrug. It's also called an alternating grip, or mixed grip.

Revolving sleeve

Some exercise barbells (not Olympic sets) and dumbbells have a metal tube over the length between the inside collars, which rotates in the user's hands when the item is lifted. This makes the resistance easier to handle, in some respects, than a dead weight.

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