The lexicon of muscle-building, and training - Part 50

This is a method of speeding up workout time, but there may be a reduction in intensity, a reduction of weights used, and a reduction in the effectiveness of the training, depending on how precisely it's done.

Super sets are, however, often thought of as being the alternating of two exercises for the same bodypart.

Super slow

A method of training that uses a very slow rep speed, typically ten seconds for the lifting phase, and five seconds for the lowering phase, plus, in some cases, additional seconds for the turnaround from one phase of the rep to the next.

Supinated grip

Another of the most popular grips, used in many exercises. When your hands are at your sides, a supinated grip has your knuckles facing to the rear, and palms facing to the front. When your hands are overhead, the supinated grip has your knuckles facing to the front, and palms to the rear.


Supination of your right hand involves a clockwise rotation of your forearm. Supination is the opposite of pronation.


Body position where one lies on one's back.


See Food supplements.

Support gear

Artificial aids including lifting belts, wrist straps, knee wraps, bench press shirts, special underwear, and squatting suits, that inflate strength demonstration. Heavily used by powerlifters who compete in contests that permit support gear, but not required by anyone else. Rather than help to reduce injuries, the use of support gear can cause injuries.


Clothing used during training, to keep the body covered and warm.

Synovial fluid

A slippery fluid that lubricates synovial joints, to permit smooth, easy movement of the cartilage at the ends of the bones that contact one another.

Synovial joint

A type of joint that contains synovial fluid, in which the bones are moveable, limited only by associated ligaments, tendons, and other tissues — for example, the knee, ankle, and finger joints. There are several groups of synovial joints, each characterized by appearance or type of movement permitted.


Affecting the entire body, as contrasted with something that's localized.

Systolic blood pressure

The hydrodynamic pressure of the blood in the arteries that results from contraction of the lower chambers of the heart. The systolic blood pressure is the first and higher of the two numbers that indicate blood pressure, such as 120/80.


A muscle that assists in the performance of an exercise through adding to the force required to execute the movement.

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